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USS Swordfish (SS-193)

USS Swordfish (SS-193) patch


The USS Swordfish (SS-193) was a Sargo-class World War II era submarine.

The namesake of the USS Swordfish is a large fish with a long, sword-like beak and a high dorsal fin.

The radio call sign of the USS Swordfish was NAN-UNCLE-DOG-GEORGE.

On December 22, 1944, the Swordfish, captained by Commander Keats E. Montross, departed Pearl Harbor for her thirteenth and final war patrol.  She had received orders to patrol in an area off the Ryukyu Islands.  She had also been outfitted with special equipment for a photo reconnaissance mission at Okinawa.  After stopping at Midway Island to top off her fuel, she headed west for the big Japanese stronghold in the Nansei Shoto chain.  On January 3, 1945, she acknowledged receipt of new orders to proceed to and to patrol near the approximate geographic position 30°-00'N, 132°-00'E until further notice.  The reason for this move was to keep her out of harms way during a planned January carrier strike on the Ryukyus.  Her acknowledgement of this order was the last communication ever received from the Swordfish.  On January 9, 1945, she was ordered to proceed to the Nansei Shoto Archipelago to perform her special mission.  Upon completion of the photographic and observation mission, she was told to proceed to the submarine base at Saipan, unless she was unable to communicate by radio, in which case she was supposed to return to Midway.  When the Swordfish failed to appear at Saipan or Midway, and silence was the only response to radio messages sent to her, it became obvious she was lost. 1

On February 15, 1945, she was reported as presumed lost due to unknown causes.  The public announcement was made on May 4, 1945.

Navy Department Communiqué No. 595, May 4, 1945

1. The submarine USS Swordfish is overdue from patrol and presumed lost.  Next of kin of officers and crew have been informed.


Loss Possibilities

1.  The Swordfish was probably sunk by depth charges, on January 5, 1945, at the approximate geographic position 29°-25'N, 141°-07'E, which is southeast of Tori-shima island, an uninhabited volcanic island at the south end of the Izu Islands.  On that date, near that location, at about 1705 hours, the 572-ton Japanese Army cargo vessel Shoto Maru was hit in the bow by a torpedo and sank at about 1906 hours.  John D. Alden attributes this attack and the sinking to the Swordfish.  The Japanese coastal defense vessel CD-4 conducted a counterattack with depth charges and reported that oil continued to rise to the surface for the next thirty hours. 2

2.  The Swordfish possibly sank sometime after January 9, 1945, as a result of hitting a mine.  During the first half of 1944, the Japanese had laid four minefields in the Okinawa area.  On January 9, 1945, the Swordfish had been ordered to proceed to this area to complete a photographic reconnaissance assignment.  This mission may have taken her into one of the minefields laid in 1944 or into freshly laid inshore minefields planted to defend Okinawan beach approaches. 3

3.  On January 12, 1945, the USS Kete (SS-369), while on station in the Okinawa area, reported a possible contact with a nearby submersible.  The Kete was unable to positively identify the contact, but the Swordfish was expected to be in the vicinity at that time.  About four hours later, the Kete heard the sound of a heavy barrage of depth charges.  Japanese records reviewed after the war did not record the event heard by the Kete.  But such a heavy barrage could have been aimed at the Swordfish4

The bottom line is no one knows for certain what happened to the Swordfish.  This long serving submarine and her valiant crew went down together leaving a significant record of accomplishments in their wake.


A list of the men lost with the Swordfish is maintained at http://www.oneternalpatrol.com/uss-swordfish-193.htm.

The Swordfish was scored by JANAC with sinking 47,928 tons of enemy shipping in twelve vessels.  Her Alden-McDonald score is sixteen vessels sunk for 55,641 tons and four vessels damaged for 26,150 tons.  Her SORG score is seventeen vessels sunk for 101,400 tons and nine vessels damaged for 61,900 tons.  The Swordfish earned eight battle stars for her World War II service in her distinguished thirteen-patrol career.  She sank the Atsutasan Maru, the first Japanese ship sunk by a U. S. submarine in the Pacific war. 5

Also see:

USS Swordfish (SS-193) Second Patrol



Patrol Data and Captains for the USS Swordfish (SS-193)


Patrol
No.
Patrol
Area
Patrol Duration
DD-MM-YY
Captain's
Rank & Name
Sailed
From
 
1 Hainan Island;
ended at Surabaya,
Java, NEI
08-Dec-41 to 07-Jan-42 LCDR Chester C. Smith Manila
⇒ Surabaya
 
2 Celebes Sea &
the Philippines;
ended at Fremantle
16-Jan-42 to 09-Mar-42 Same Surabaya
⇒ Fremantle
 
3 Special Mission &
patrol off
Ambon Island
01-Apr-42 to 01-May-42 Same Fremantle
 
4 South China
Sea
15-May-42 to 04-Jul-42 Same Same
 
5 Sulu Sea 27-Jul-42 to 21-Sep-42 LCDR Albert C. Burrows Fremantle 6
 
6 Solomon Islands 01-Nov-42 to 19-Dec-42 LCDR Chester C. Smith Brisbane
 
7 Shifted to
Pearl for overhaul
& refit
09-Jan-43 to 23-Feb-43 LCDR Jack H. Lewis Brisbane
⇒ Pearl
 
8 Palau; ended at
Midway
29-Jul-43 to 20-Sep-43 LCDR Frank M. Parker Pearl
⇒ Midway
 
9 Off Honshu 08-Nov-43 to 05-Dec-43 LCDR Frank L. Barrows Midway 7
 
10 Off Honshu;
ended at Pearl
29-Dec-43 to 07-Feb-44 CAPT Karl G. Hensel Midway
⇒ Pearl
 
11 West of the
Mariana Islands;
ended at Majuro
13-Mar-44 to 28-Apr-44 LCDR Keats E. Montross Pearl
⇒ Majuro
 
12 Bonin Islands;
ended at Pearl
22-May-44 to 09-Jul-44 Same Majuro
⇒ Pearl
 
13 Nansei Shoto 22-Dec-44 to Lost Same Pearl
 


JANAC Score for the USS Swordfish (SS-193)


Patrol
No.
Date
DD-MM-YY
Vessel
Name
Vessel
Type
Tonnage
Sunk
Location
Sunk
 
1 16-Dec-41 Atsutasan Maru Cargo 8,662 18-06N, 109-44E
 
2 24-Jan-42 Myoken Maru Cargo 4,122 1-22N, 125-05E
 
4 29-May-42 Unknown Cargo 1,900 e 7-33N, 116-18E
 
4 12-Jun-42 Burma Maru Cargo 4,584 10-08N, 102-34E
 
7 19-Jan-43 Myoho Maru Cargo 4,412 5-30S, 156-00E
 
8 22-Aug-43 Nishiyama Maru Cargo 3,016 2-40N, 137-10E
 
8 05-Sep-43 Tenkai Maru Cargo 3,203 1-10N, 142-10E
 
10 14-Jan-44 Yamakuni Maru Passenger-
Cargo
6,921 33-16N, 139-30E
 
10 16-Jan-44 Delhi Maru Converted
Gunboat
2,182 34-04N, 139-56E
 
10 27-Jan-44 Kasagi Maru Converted
Salvage
Vessel
3,140 33-31N, 139-36E
 
12 09-Jun-44 Matsukaze Destroyer 1,270 26-59N, 143-13E
 
12 15-Jun-44 Kanseishi Maru Cargo 4,804 29-30N, 141-11E
 
TOTALS   12 vessels 47,928 tons e = Estimated
 


Alden-McDonald Score for the USS Swordfish (SS-193)


Patrol
No.
Date
DD-MM-YY
Vessel
Name
Vessel
Type
Tonnage
Sunk
Tonnage
Damaged
 
1 14-Dec-41 Kashi Maru Cargo   8,407
 
1 16-Dec-41 Atsutasan Maru Miscellaneous
Auxiliary
8,662  
 
2 24-Jan-42 Myoken Maru Converted
Gunboat
4,124  
 
2 14-Feb-42 Amagisan Maru Cargo   7,620
 
4 23-May-42 Unknown Cargo  4   5,000
 
4 29-May-42 Tatsufuku Maru Cargo 1,946 sh1  
 
4 12-Jun-42 Burma Maru Cargo 4,582  
 
7 19-Jan-43 Myoho Maru Cargo 4,122  
 
8 22-Aug-43 Nishiyama Maru Cargo 3,016  
 
8 05-Sep-43 Tenkai Maru Passenger-
Cargo
3,203  
 
10 14-Jan-44 Yamakuni Maru Cargo 6,921  
 
10 14-Jan-44 Yamabiko Maru Converted
Repair Ship
6,799 sh2  
 
10 16-Jan-44 Delhi Maru Converted
Gunboat
2,205  
 
10 27-Jan-44 Kasagi Maru Converted
Gunboat
3,140  
 
12 09-Jun-44 Matsukaze Destroyer 1,270  
 
12 15-Jun-44 Kanseishi Maru Cargo 4,804  
 
12 15-Jun-44 Toyokawa Maru Cargo  3   5,123
 
12 27-Jun-44 Hokuryu Maru #10 Cargo 148  
 
12 30-Jun-44 Chiyoda Maru #8 Fishing Boat 127  
 
13 05-Jan-45 Shoto Maru Cargo 572  
 
  TOTALS 16 vessels sunk
4 vessels damaged
3 = Probable
4 = Possible
sh1 = shared credit
with Seal-183
sh2 = shared credit
with Steelhead-280
Tons sunk
55,641
Tons damaged
26,150
 


SORG Score for the USS Swordfish (SS-193)


USS Swordfish SORG score report

SORG totals for Swordfish
17 vessels sunk for 101,400 tons
9 vessels damaged for 61,900 tons



signature
Updated Monday, 09-Dec-2013 15:28:03 EST

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1.  United States Submarine Losses World War II, p. 132.

2.  Miller, Vernon J., "U. S. Submarine Losses," issue 44, p. 57; Hackett, Bob, and Sander Kingsepp and Peter Cundall, "IJN Escort CD-4: Tabular Record of Movement," published online at http://www.combinedfleet.com/CD-4_t.htm (accessed January 13, 2012); Alden, John D., and Craig R. McDonald, United States and Allied Submarine Successes in the Pacific and Far East During World War II, Fourth Edition, Attack No. 3359.

3.  Miller, Vernon J., op cit.; Holmes, Wilfred J., Undersea Victory: The Influence of Submarine Operations on the War in the Pacific, p. 436-437.

4.  Ibid.

5.  Alden, John D., and Craig R. McDonald, United States and Allied Submarine Successes in the Pacific and Far East During World War II, Fourth Edition, see USS Swordfish (SS-193), Attack Nos. 1, 14, 15, 16, 17, 47, 48, 63, 67, 177, 186, 187, 198, 199, 434, 443, 557, 1044, 1045, 1084, 1496, 1496.5, 1506, 1558, 1806, 1807, 2073, 2099, 2100, 2143, 2145, 2179, 2220, and 3359; Submarine war patrol reports on CD, USS Swordfish (SS-193), data collected by the Submarine Operations Research Group (SORG) in the report "Results of U. S. Submarine War Patrols Listed Alphabetically by Name of Submarine"; Japanese Naval And Merchant Shipping Losses During World War II By All Causes, Joint Army-Navy Assessment Committee, USS Swordfish (SS-193), published online at http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/Japan/IJN/JANAC-Losses/JANAC-Losses-6.html#swordfish (accessed September 29, 2011).

6.  On October 10, 1942, the Swordfish sailed for Sydney, Australia, to take on torpedoes.  She left Sydney on October 27, 1942, and sailed to Brisbane, where she arrived on October 29, 1942.  Her fifth war patrol was captained temporarily by LCDR Albert C. Burrows.  Upon her return to Fremantle, LCDR Chester C. Smith resumed command of the Swordfish.

7.  The Swordfish arrived at Midway from her eighth war patrol on September 20, 1943.  She needed critical repairs which could only be done at the Pearl Harbor drydocks.  She departed Midway for Pearl on October 6th, and arrived at Pearl on October 10th.  She entered the drydock on October 15th where the rudder was repaired, the starboard screw replaced, and the bottom painted.  She departed Pearl Harbor on October 24, 1943, and arrived back at Midway Island on October 28, 1943.  On October 29, 1943, LCDR Frank L. Barrows relieved LCDR Frank M. Parker, as commanding officer.  The Swordfish got underway from Midway for her ninth war patrol on November 8, 1943.